Building a home is based on various factors. One of the most important factors in choosing the materials for a home is the climate. Naturally, we make sure that the materials we use for building a house should be compatible to the type of climate where the property will be built.
Why consider the climate when looking for the right materials? This is simply because weather has a major effect in the functionality of a building or structure. Climate is a significant factor on the life span, environmental performance and durability of construction materials.
When choosing materials to suit the weather in building homes or buildings, there are some important considerations to remember. First, is to consider the effect of the architectural design and structure to human thermal comfort, which includes the window, layout, ventilation and shading conditions on the climate indoors. Secondly, climate conditions can differ from surrounding climactic conditions such as wind speed, temperature and humidity.
Let us take the Philippines for example. The climate in this place is humid and the majority of building materials used in building construction is concrete. Many buildings and houses are built with the use of concrete materials for the simple reason that it is durable with rain. The country experiences around twenty typhoons every year and flooding is always a possibility particularly in the city and those in lower elevated places.
There are about fifteen different types of building materials available to choose from in the construction of homes and buildings. Nevertheless, knowing the kind of climate or weather of a certain place is the first step in choosing and deciding which materials are appropriate for building. For every builder, climate consideration is a must in order to build an effective and efficient home.
If you notice, there are plenty of historical buildings that have been abandoned for years and years and even centuries. Nonetheless, they still exist until now. This is due to their durability to withstand the climate conditions of the place where they are located.
Most of the ancient buildings in some countries were constructed of brick, rubble stone and mortar in random bond with local artisanship by builders who continue to use the older methods in building structures and these buildings survived for more than three hundred years without needing repair or maintenance.
Some homes in other parts of the world, particularly in plain climatic conditions were constructed differently with the use of cut stone on the exterior surface to prevent the main wall structures which are composed of mortar and rubble stone from the harsh climate conditions of these areas.
This just goes to show that the ancient people used construction materials and techniques appropriate to the weather of a place for the intention of keeping these places survive over centuries and would remain as symbols of their hard work, practicality and ingenuity through time.
When you want to build a new home, always take into consideration what building materials you should choose. If you belong in an area where the climate is mostly cold, you should choose materials that will appropriately insulate your home and at the same time withstand any worst cold conditions. On the other hand, if you are living in a hot climate, consider materials that will make your home cooler and could withstand possible intense heat.